AskDefine | Define jib

Dictionary Definition

jib n : any triangular fore-and-aft sail (set forward of the foremast)


1 refuse to comply [syn: resist, balk, baulk]
2 shift from one side of the ship to the other; "The sail jibbed wildly" [syn: jibe, gybe, change course] [also: jibbing, jibbed]

User Contributed Dictionary



Alternative spellings


  1. A triangular staysail set forward of the foremast. In a sloop (see image) the basic jib reaches back roughly to the level of the mast.
  2. Usually with a modifier, any of a variety of specialty triangular staysails set forward of the foremast.
  3. The projecting arm of a crane


basic jib
any of a variety of triangular sails
  • Finnish: keulapurje
  • Icelandic: framsegl
projecting arm of a crane

Extensive Definition

A jib is a triangular staysail set ahead of the foremost mast of a sailing boat. Its tack is fixed to the bowsprit, to the bow, or to the deck between the bowsprit and the foremost mast. Jibs and spinnakers are the two main types of headsails on a modern boat.
On a boat with two staysails the inner sail is called the staysail, and the outer (foremost) is called the jib. This combination of two staysails is called a cutter rig (or a yankee pair) and a boat with one mast rigged with two staysails and a mainsail is called a cutter.
A fully rigged schooner has three jibs. The foremost one sets on the topmast forestay and is called the jib topsail, a second on the main forestay is called the jib, and the innermost is called the staysail. Actually, all three sails are both jibs and staysails in the generic sense.
A square-rigged ship typically has four jibs (though vessels with more or fewer exist). Starting from the inside, these sails are called:
  1. Fore (topmast) staysail
  2. Inner jib
  3. Outer jib
  4. Flying jib
On boats with only one jib, it is common for the clew of the jib to be further aft than the mast, meaning the jib and mainsail overlap. An overlapping jib is called a genoa jib or simply a genoa (see illustration).
On cruising yachts with more than one jib, it is common for the innermost jib to be self-tacking, either by using a boom along the foot of the sail, or by cleating the jib sheet to a track, or both. On other cruising yachts, and nearly all racing sailboats, the jib needs to be worked when tacking. On these yachts, there are two sheets attached to the clew of the jib. As the yacht comes head to wind during a tack, the active sheet is released, and the other sheet (the lazy sheet) on the other side of the boat is pulled in. This sheet becomes the new active sheet until the next tack.
=See also=
jib in Bulgarian: Фок
jib in Danish: Fok
jib in German: Fock (Segel)
jib in Spanish: Foque
jib in Esperanto: Ĵibo
jib in French: Foc
jib in Italian: Fiocco
jib in Dutch: Fok (zeil)
jib in Norwegian: Fokk
jib in Polish: Fok
jib in Russian: Фок (морской термин)
jib in Finnish: Fokka
jib in Swedish: Fock
jib in Chinese: 艏三角帆

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

avert, avoid, back down, balance, balk, balloon sail, batten, bear off, blench, blink, boggle, cringe, debate, deliberate, demur, dodge, draw aside, draw back, duck, ease off, edge off, evade, fade, fall back, falter, fear, fight shy, flinch, fly off, fly-by-night, flying kites, fore gaff-topsail, fore topgallant sail, fore-skysail, fore-topmast staysail, fore-topsail, foreroyal, foresail, forestaysail, gag, gee, glance, glance off, go off, hang back, haw, head off, hem and haw, hesitate, hover, hum and haw, jenny, jigger, jump, jump a mile, leg-of-mutton sail, loose-footed sail, lug, main gaff-topsail, main royal, main skysail, main-royal staysail, main-topsail, mainsail, make way for, mizzen, mizzen skysail, mizzen staysail, mizzen-royal staysail, mizzen-topgallant sail, moonraker, moonsail, move aside, panic, parachute spinnaker, pause, ponder, pull back, quail, recoil, reef, reef point, reel back, retreat, royal, scruple, sheer off, shilly-shally, shove aside, shrink, shrink back, shunt, shy, shy off, side, sidestep, sidetrack, sidle, skedaddle, skyscraper, spanker, spinnaker, spitfire, square sail, stampede, start, start aside, start back, startle, staysail, steer clear of, step aside, stern staysail, stick, stick at, stickle, stop to consider, storm trysail, straddle the fence, strain, strain at, stumble, swerve, switch, think twice about, topsail, trysail, turn aside, turn away, turn back, veer off, weasel, weasel out, wince, withdraw, yield
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